Structure and performance characteristics of tapered roller bearing:
The type code of tapered roller bearing is 30000, and the tapered roller bearing is a separate bearing. In general, especially in GB / T307 The outer ring and inner assembly of tapered roller bearing within the size range involved in 1-94 tolerances for radial bearings of rolling bearings can be used interchangeably.
The angle of the outer ring and Tapered Roller Bearing the diameter of the outer raceway are the same as the overall dimensions and are standardized. It is not allowed to change during design and manufacturing. So that the outer ring and inner components of tapered roller bearing can be interchanged all over the world.
Tapered roller bearings are mainly used to bear the combined radial and axial load dominated by radial load. Compared with angular contact ball bearing, the bearing capacity is large and the limit speed is low. Tapered roller bearing can bear axial load in one direction and limit axial displacement of shaft or shell in one direction.
We all know that many imported bearings will fail. Tapered Roller Bearing Many users of imported bearings have this situation. Why? The failure of imported bearings has become a new problem for us. We need to find all ways to solve this problem. What is the solution?
This problem is so difficult to solve. Of course, it is difficult to solve. Imported bearings are easy to fail This is a common problem Tapered Roller Bearing when we use imported bearings After the bearing runs for a period of time, it is necessary to check whether there are problems, especially whether it fails. Today I will tell you the failure classification of imported bearings.
Contact fatigue failure refers to the failure of bearing working surface under the action of alternating stress. Contact fatigue spalling occurs on the working surface of the bearing and is often accompanied by fatigue cracks.
It first occurs from the large alternating shear stress below the contact surface, and then extends to the surface to form different spalling shapes, such as pitting or pitting spalling, which is called shallow spalling. Due to the gradual expansion of the spalling surface, it often expands to the deep layer, forming deep spalling. Deep spalling is the fatigue source of contact fatigue failure.
Wear failure refers to the failure caused by the continuous wear of the metal on the working surface caused by the relative sliding friction between the surfaces. Continuous wear will cause gradual damage to bearing parts, and eventually lead to loss of bearing dimensional accuracy and other related problems.
Wear may affect the change of shape, the increase of fit clearance and the change of working surface morphology, may affect the lubricant or make it polluted to a certain extent, resulting in the complete loss of lubrication function, resulting in the loss of rotation accuracy and even normal operation of the bearing.
Wear failure is one of the common failure modes of various bearings. According to the wear form, it can be divided into common abrasive wear and adhesive wear.
Abrasive wear refers to the wear caused by the relative movement of the contact surface due to the extrusion of foreign hard particles or hard foreign matters or wear debris on the metal surface between the working surfaces of imported bearings, which often causes furrow like scratches on the working surfaces of bearings.
Hard particles or foreign matters may come from the inside of the host machine or from other adjacent parts of the host system and are sent into the bearing by the lubricating medium. Adhesive wear refers to the uneven stress on the friction surface due to the micro bulge or foreign matter on the friction surface.
When the lubrication conditions are seriously deteriorated, the local deformation and friction micro welding of the friction surface are easy to be caused due to the heat generated by local friction. In serious cases, the surface metal may be locally melted, and the force on the contact surface will tear the local friction welding point from the substrate and increase the plastic deformation.
This cyclic process of adhesion tear adhesion constitutes adhesive wear. Generally speaking, slight adhesive wear is called scratch and severe adhesive wear is called bite.
The main reasons for the fracture failure of imported bearings are defects and overload. When the external load exceeds the material strength limit and causes the part to break, it is called overload fracture. Overload is mainly caused by sudden failure or improper installation of the host.
Defects such as microcracks, shrinkage cavities, bubbles, large foreign objects, overheated tissue and local burns of bearing parts will also cause fracture at the defect during impact overload or severe vibration, which is called defect fracture.
It should be pointed out that in the manufacturing process of bearings, the presence of the above defects can be correctly analyzed by instruments in the factory re inspection of raw materials, quality control of forging and heat treatment, and processing process control, and the control must still be strengthened in the future. But generally speaking, most of the bearing fracture failures are overload failures.
During the operation of imported bearings, due to the influence of external or internal factors, the original matching clearance is changed, the accuracy is reduced, and even “bite” is called clearance change failure.
External factors such as excessive interference, improper installation, expansion caused by temperature rise, instantaneous overload, etc., and internal factors such as residual austenite and residual stress in an unstable state are the main causes of clearance change failure.